Oak Leaf

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Overview:  The oak is the commonest in the north and west of Britain. The Oak is one of the most important trees for wildlife, having over 200 different species which benefit from it, for either food or nesting/shelter.

Leaf Shape: Glossy oval indented leaf, edges are smooth and are fringed with silky brown hairs. The leaves have long stalks, the acorns none, whereas the Pedunculate or English oak is exactly the other way round.

Where found: You can see oaks in the woodland (map G4) and we have planted more below the craig/crag (map F5) and by the water tanks (map E1).

Uses past and present: Sessile oak timber is strong and durable. The heartwood resists penetration by liquids. This, and the straight, close grain, make it ideal for barrels and casks. When used in this way, the wood imparts a particular flavour to wines and spirits.  This is the most prized and expensive of British timbers used by furniture makers.

Oaks have a long history of folklore throughout Europe. The oak was sacred to many people, including the ancient Greeks, the Norse and the Celts. It was often associated with the gods of thunder as oak was often split by lightning. This is probably because oaks are often the tallest of trees in an area.


Height:          15-30m

Flowers:      May-June

Fruit:            Sept-Oct 

Age:  up to 230 years

Quercus petraea

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