Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn Leaf

Height:       12-15m

Flowers:   May-June

Fruit:         Late Aug

Age: up to 40 years

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Overview: The Hawthorn is one of the most common trees that grows in Britain. The tree is also one that has the most different common names: Hag-thorn, Azzy, May, Quick-thorn, May-Tree, Whitethorn, White-May, Thorn-bush, May (for blossom)
Clusters of white flowers are produced in May-June followed by bright red fruits in autumn which are very important for wildlife as a last chance to feed up before the winter sets in. The Hawthorn also relies on the wildlife to help it spread its seed, mainly by birds who eat the fruit, and then the seeds are 'deposited' by the birds further afield.
Tolerates almost every kind of soil but flowers and fruits best in full sun. Abundantly found in hedges.

Leaf Shape:
A lobed shaped leaf, toothed lobes cut at least halfway to the middle or 'mid-rib'. Main veins curve outwards. There are tufts of hair on the underside of the leaf where the veins join.

Where found:  There is a very nice hedge by the rear car park for the top field (Map F1-F2), with other trees dotted around the site by the campfire (Map D3) and also 1 by the steps in the Shieling car park. (Map E4)

Uses past and present: Hawthorn, or quick-thorn, was the most common species used for hedging during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries after the parliamentary enclosures. The timber is hard and tough and was used for veneer and cabinet work, boxes, tool handles, mallets and the ribs of small boats. It also makes excellent firewood and charcoal. Over the ages the haws and hawthorn flowers have been used to make a variety of jellies, wines, liqueurs and ketchups.



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