Height:          15-30m

Flowers:       Feb-Mar

Fruit:                    Aug 

Age: up to 180 years

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Overview: Wych elm (sometimes called Scotch Elm) is a native woodland tree found mostly in the northern areas of Britain. Sadly, most large and old trees have been lost to Dutch Elm disease. Wych Elm trees can be very long lived if they have managed to avoid the Dutch Elm disease.

Leaf Shape: The largest leaf of any native tree. In shape elm leaves have characteristic asymmetrical bases and at the other end taper to a sudden point. They are prominently toothed around the edge. The leaves have a rough feel to them a little like sandpaper.

Where found:  Our three magnificent mature Scotch elms give character to the whole Shieling Holidays site.  One is in an embrace with the beech tree beside the top gate, and the other two are behind the sandpit and swing.  We have planted young elms as their heirs and successors: e.g. in the corner of the top rear car park, already a fine tree; between the young oaks below the water-tanks, and in the group of trees below Shielings 2 and 3 (map E1, D2, D3).

Uses past and present:
Uses of elm are primarily for the wood. It has great strength, durability, a tight-twisted grain and is resistant to water. Uses include: boat building (keels, rudders and trawler boards) furniture, wheel hubs, wooden water pipes, floorboards.  The foliage was also used for feeding and bedding domestic livestock.
Ulmas glabra

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